Planning to Plant an Edible Garden
Check Out Your Plant Options
Check Out Your Plant Options
Goji berry or wolfberry is the fruit of Lycium barbarum and Lycium chinense. Very healthy, tasty and unique. Goji berries have a mild tangy taste that is slightly sweet and sour. The whole, dried berries have a similar shape and chewy texture as raisins. Goji are considered super-foods because of their medical benefits and have been used for many years in traditional Chinense medicine. They are rich in antioxidants and protein, and a good source of vitamin C. The juice and the dried berries are used for improving blood circulation, protecting the liver, promoting weight loss and longevity and al for preventing cancer risk! The plants are self-fruitful. They can tolerate some drought once established, but for best results, water regularly, pest and insect resistant, they don’t require pruning and grow well in sun to partial sun.
(honeyberry, blue-berried honeysuckle, or sweet berry honeysuckle) is honeysuckle (Lonicera caerulea) native throughout the cool temperate Northern Hemisphere. Hardy (zone 2) and very easy to grow, it tolerates a wide range of exposures, soil types and pH levels. The fruit of these delicious berries looks like a cross between a blueberry and a long grape. They taste like a mix of raspberries and blueberries with a kiwi texture. Haskap is known for having a high level of antioxidants, even higher than blueberries. The fruits may be used for jams, preserves, baking, and juices, or eaten fresh. The plants require cross-pollination in order to produce fruit. Haskap prefers soils that are rich, moist and well-drained, they grow best in full to part sun. They produce early crops (even ahead of Strawberries).
Dwarf cherry bushes are hybrids between Sour Cherry and Mongolian Cherry. The result is a variety of new smaller, very hardy tart-sweet bush cherries. Self-fruitful, they can be planted in containers, in full sun and in well-drained soil, sandy loam or loam soils, with a pH between 6.5 and 8.0. Organic matter level between 2-3% is very important if you have clay or sandy soil. They cherry releases by the University of Saskatchewan are a great tasting cherry with high sugar content. They also have very good potential for mechanical harvesting. Romance series of dwarf sour cherries were released in 2004. These include “Juliet” and “Cimson Passion”. Zone range from 2-8. They are very good for eating fresh, freezing, canning, juices and baking.
With flavors that range from mildly sweet (cultivated) to tart and tangy (wild), blueberries are nutritional stars bursting with nutrition and flavors while being very low in calories. They have cardiovascular, cognitive and anti-cancer benefits, and also improves eye health. If you want to maximize your antioxidant level from blueberries, go organic!
Raspberries are the third most popular berries and follow right after strawberries and blueberries. Raspberries belong to the rose (Rosaceae) family of plants, which houses some of the world’s most beloved fruits including apples, apricots, blackberries, cherries, peaches, pears, plums, strawberries, and almonds.
The diversity of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory phytonutrients in raspberries is truly remarkable.
These sweet and succulent fruits are summer delicacies in the northern temperate regions, being native from sub-arctic Europe. The soft and delicate fruits grow on thorny bushes or trailing vines and they are packed with numerous plant nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and anti-oxidants (they have one of the highest levels of antioxidants per serving-5.905). Anthocyanins give blackberries their dark glossy color. Those powerful nutrients have been shown to have beneficial health effects against cancer, aging, inflammation and neurological diseases like Dementia and Alzheimer.
The chokeberry is an interesting native shrub that has high ornamental and practical value. This plant has interesting features for all seasons: pretty white flowers in spring, nice glossy, green foliage in summer, showy autumn color as the leaves turn red to orange, and it has clusters of berries that create an interesting contrast against the orange leaves in autumn. Fruits have medicinal qualities, being rich in antioxidants and anthocyanins. The berries are not excellent for eating but can be consumed in the form of juices and jellies.
Rhubarb is a perennial herb grown for its attractive succulent rose red, edible leafy stalks. It is one of the easiest plants to grow and can last for many years (10-15 years) once established. Its petioles can be ready for harvesting from second year onwards when its stalks reach sufficient size of about 1-2 inches in thickness. It is very rich in vitamins and minerals and can be used in the preparations of sauces, preserve, jellies, jams, Syrups, sorbet, juice and it is very popular for delicious pies.
Top greens of rhubarb should be avoided in cooking. Its leaf (blade) contains usually high amounts of oxalic acid which can cause severe toxic symptoms.
Strawberries are considered one of the most important small fruits grown in the Western Hemisphere. Today every state in the United States and every province in Canada grow the strawberry plant. It grows both as a wild plant and as a cultivated plant. The best way to eat strawberry is fresh but they can be frozen, made into preserves, as well as dried and used in prepared foods, baking, and juices.
Is a complex-cross fruit bush in the Ribes genus, involving three original species, the black currant R. Nigrum, the North American costal black gooseberry Ribes divaricatum, and the European gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa.
“Josta” berry (Ribes nidigrolaria) takes the looks of a gooseberry, without the thorns, and it is sweeter. It combines the vigorous growth and rich falvor of black currant with disease resistance (including to white pine blister rust and mildew)
The tangy-sweet flavor of a jostaberry (pronounced yust-a-berry) is a mix of grape, blueberry, and kiwi-fruit. They are great eaten fresh, in jams, jellies, and pies.
Gooseberries (Ribes uva-crispa L.) are one of the four wild Ribes species (R. alpinum L., R. Rubrum L. and R. Petraeum Wulf.) growing in the Northern Hemisphere. As in currants, gooseberries grow best in regions where summers are humid but winter is severe and chilling.
Gooseberries come in many shapes, colours, and taste. They can be round, oval, pear-shaped or elongated, green, white, yellow, purple, red-brown or black color, sweet and tart. Their outer surface can be smooth or fuzzy with conspicuous veins.
Gooseberries are low in calories, go crazy, 100 grams is just 44 calories.
They can be eaten fresh or cooked, and used in baking or in jams, jellies, or juice.
Sambucus (elder or elderberry) is a genus of flowering plants in the family adoxaceae. The flowers of Sambucus nigra are used to produce elderflower cordial (a soft drink made largely from a refined sugar and water solution and uses the flowers of the European elderberry Sambucus Nigra). Austrians and Central Europeans produce elderflower syrup made from an extract of elderflower blossoms.
The berries are known for their effectiveness in treating flu, allergies and boosting overall respiratory health.
Fruits are also used in pies, wines, juices, marmalades, and relishes.
Schisandra is a deciduous woody vine native to forests of Northern China and the Russian Far East. It is also called five flavoured berry because of its taste (sour, sweet, bitter, warm, and salty). Schisandra berry is made into various medicinal preparations for longevity and overall vitality.
Most Schisandra is dried in the sun and then used in various formulas to improve vitality. Some berries are deeply refrigerated and eventually used to make healthy juices.
It is hardy in USDA Zone 4. The plant likes some shade with moist, well-drained soil. The species itself is deciduous, thus flowers on a female plant will only produce fruit when fertilized with pollen from a male plant. However, a hybrid selection titled “Eastern Prince” has perfect flowers and is self-fertile.
This amazing food is actually native to many parts of the world, including regions in Asia, Africa, and North America. One of the most widely cultivated table and wine grapes is Vitis vinifera (Common Grape Vine), and several thousand varieties of this grape exist across Europe. In the United States, native species of Vitis grapes include Vitis labrusca (which includes the Concord grape) and Vitis rotundifolia (which includes the muscadine grapes). In Asia, one native grape that is widely-cultivated is Vitis amurensis (the Amur grape). Table grape varieties are most often larger in size, have been propagated to be seedless, and have relatively thin skins. Wine grapes are usually smaller in size, contain seeds, and have relatively thick skins. Among several different types of benefits, the thicker skin of the wine grapes helps provide the wine with a richer aroma.
Red and white currants are both classified as members of the same species, Ribes sativum, while the less common European black currant is known as Ribes nigrum. They may be small, but they are actually tiny powerhouses of essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Red currants are often made into jams, as well being used in various desserts, drinks and also in alternative medicine. White currants are slightly smaller and sweeter than the red ones. They are often served raw and provide a sweetly tart flavor, but they are used in jellies, preserves, wines, and syrups. Black currants have a high content of pectin and for this reason, they are used especially in jams and jellies. People like them in savory cooking as well because their astringency creates added flavor in many sauces, meat and other dishes.