Planning to Plant an Edible Garden
Check Out Your Plant Options
Check Out Your Plant Options
Goji berry is the fruit of Lycium barbarum and Lycium chinense- very healthy, tasty and unique. Goji berries have a mildly tangy taste that is slightly sweet and sour. The whole, dried berries have a similar shape and chewy texture to raisins. Goji are considered super foods because of their medical benefits and have been used for many years in traditional Chinese medicines. They are rich in antioxidants and protein, and are a good source of Vitamin C. The juice and the dried berries are used for improving blood circulation, protecting the liver, promoting weight loss and longevity and for preventing the risk of cancer. The plants are self-fruiting, pest resistant and low maintenance. For the best results plant them in location that gets some sun and some shade throughout the day and water them regularly.
Commonly called the honeyberry, the haskap berry means the ‘berry of long life and good vision.’ Hardy (zone 2) and very easy to grow, the haskap berry tolerates a wide range of exposures, soil types and pH levels. The fruit of these delicious berries looks like a cross between a blueberry and a long grape but tastes like a mix of raspberries and blueberries with a kiwi texture. Haskap is known for having a high level of antioxidants, even higher levels than blueberries. The fruit may be used for jams, preserves, baking, juices, or just eaten fresh. The plants require cross-pollination in order to produce fruit and prefers rich, moist, yet well-drained soil. Additionally, placing them in a spot that gets full to part sun will help produce an early, abundant crop.
Dwarf cherries are hybrids and can come as a sour or sweet cherry. These hybrids are a sun loving, small, hardy versions of a cherry tree. They are self-fruitful, can be planted in containers, and will survive in a variety of soils. They adapt to well-drained, sandy loam or loam soils types with a preferred pH between 6.5 and 8. Adding organic material to the soil can be essential if you are working with clay or sand. Dwarf cherries can be planted in zones 2-8 and are good for eating fresh, freezing, canning, juicing or baking.
With flavors that range from mildly sweet to tart and tangy its no wonder blueberries are considered a super food. They are bursting with nutritional value and are called ‘The King of Antioxidants.’ Small, delicious and low in calories makes this fruit an easy and convenient snack. To produce fruit blueberry plants need to cross pollinate; be sure to plant them with a partner. Fruit starts arriving anywhere between May and August, depending on local climates, and will start green and gradually turn into a dark blue.
Raspberries are the third most popular berry, following right after strawberries and blueberries. Raspberries belong to the rose (Rosaceae) family of plants, which houses some of the world’s most beloved fruits. The diversity of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory nutrients in raspberries is truly remarkable. They are also absolutely delicious! Find a sunny, well drained area, top it with a couple inches of compost and plant your raspberry plant. Care for it correctly and it will provide fruit for years to come.
These sweet and succulent fruits are summer delicacies in many regions. The soft and delicate fruit grows on thorny bushes or trailing vines. Blackberries are packed with nutrients and are full of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Those powerful nutrients have been shown to have beneficial health effects against cancer, aging, inflammation and neurological diseases like Dementia and Alzheimer. The glossy look on a blackberry shows it’s ready to eat, if there sheen is fading, they are past their peak but still good for jellies and jams. Plant them in a sunny, well drained area for a more productive crop.
The chokeberry is an interesting native shrub that has high ornamental and practical value. This plant has interesting features for all seasons: pretty white flowers in spring, nice glossy, green foliage in summer, showy autumn colour as the leaves turn red to orange, and it has clusters of berries that create an interesting contrast against the orange leaves in autumn. Fruits have medicinal qualities, being rich in antioxidants and anthocyanins. The berries are not ideal tasting though certainly edible, many prefer consuming them as juice, jelly, syrup, wine, jam, as a tea or in salsa.
Rhubarb is a perennial herb grown for its attractive, succulent, rose red, edible, leafy stalks. It is one of the easiest plants to grow and can last for many years once established. The stalks are ready for harvesting in their second year reaching a sizable thickness of 1-2 inches. Rhubarb is very rich in vitamins and minerals and can be used in sauces, preserves, jellies, jams, syrups, juice and it is very popular in pies and crumbles, especially when paired up with strawberries. Don’t bother eating the leaves as they are toxic- just the stalks are edible and remember the redder the better.
Strawberries are considered one of the most important of all the small fruit. It grows both as a wild or cultivated plant. The best way to eat a strawberry is fresh but they can be frozen, made into preserves, dried, used in prepared foods, baking, and juices. Some of the newer varieties out there are ever-bearing, providing fruit all summer long!
Jostaberry is a complex-cross fruit bush. It is a mixture of a black currant, black gooseberry, and European gooseberry. This complex combination has provided the world with a rich flavoured, disease resistant, vigorous growing plant that has no thorns. They are great eaten fresh, in jams, jellies, and pies.
Gooseberries are a wild species. Like currants, gooseberries grow best in regions where summers are humid but winter is severe and chilling. They come in many shapes, colours, and a variety of tastes. They can be round, oval, pear-shaped or elongated, green, white, yellow, purple, red-brown or black, sweet and tart. Their outer surface can be smooth or fuzzy with conspicuous veins. Gooseberries are low in calories, so go crazy, 100 grams is just 44 calories. They can be eaten fresh or cooked, and used in baking, jams, jellies, or juice.
Sambucus (elder or elderberry) is a genus of flowering plants in the family adoxaceae. The flowers of Sambucus nigra are used to produce elderflower cordial (a soft drink made largely from a refined sugar and water solution and uses the flowers of the European elderberry Sambucus Nigra). Austrians and Central Europeans produce elderflower syrup made from an extract of elderflower blossoms.
The berries are known for their effectiveness in treating flu, allergies and boosting overall respiratory health.
Fruits are also used in pies, wines, juices, marmalades, and relishes.
Schisandra is a deciduous woody vine native to forests of Northern China and the Russian Far East. It is also called five flavoured berry because of its taste (sour, sweet, bitter, warm, and salty). Schisandra berry is made into various medicinal preparations for longevity and overall vitality.
Most Schisandra is dried in the sun and then used in various formulas to improve vitality. Some berries are deeply refrigerated and eventually used to make healthy juices.
It is hardy in USDA Zone 4. The plant likes some shade with moist, well-drained soil. The species itself is deciduous, thus flowers on a female plant will only produce fruit when fertilized with pollen from a male plant. However, a hybrid selection titled “Eastern Prince” has perfect flowers and is self-fertile.
This amazing food is actually native to many parts of the world, including regions in Asia, Africa, and North America. One of the most widely cultivated table and wine grapes is Vitis vinifera (Common Grape Vine), and several thousand varieties of this grape exist across Europe. In the United States, native species of Vitis grapes include Vitis labrusca (which includes the Concord grape) and Vitis rotundifolia (which includes the muscadine grapes). In Asia, one native grape that is widely-cultivated is Vitis amurensis (the Amur grape). Table grape varieties are most often larger in size, have been propagated to be seedless, and have relatively thin skins. Wine grapes are usually smaller in size, contain seeds, and have relatively thick skins. Among several different types of benefits, the thicker skin of the wine grapes helps provide the wine with a richer aroma.
Red and white currants are both classified as members of the same species, Ribes sativum, while the less common European black currant is known as Ribes nigrum. They may be small, but they are actually tiny powerhouses of essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Red currants are often made into jams, as well being used in various desserts, drinks and also in alternative medicine. White currants are slightly smaller and sweeter than the red ones. They are often served raw and provide a sweetly tart flavor, but they are used in jellies, preserves, wines, and syrups. Black currants have a high content of pectin and for this reason, they are used especially in jams and jellies. People like them in savory cooking as well because their astringency creates added flavor in many sauces, meat and other dishes.